2013/05/02

in the Vatican: Isis Queen of Egypt with Moses and Hermes Trismegistus







Title: Isis Queen of Egypt with Moses and Hermes Trismegistus
Author: Bernardino di Betto, known as Pinturicchio (456/1460-1513)
Date: 1493-1495

Location: Rome, Vatican, Borgia Apartments, Hall of Saints (arch that divides the two times with the stories with the myth of Isis and Osiris )
Client: Alexander VI Borgia

Main subject: I-Isis Enthroned accompanied by Moses and Hermes Trismegistus

Characters: I-Isis, Moses, Hermes Trismegistus

Bibliography: J. Seznec, The survival of the ancient gods: essay on the role of the mythological tradition in culture and art renaissance , Basic Books, Torino 1980; F. Saxl, The Borgia Apartment , in The History of the Images , Laterza, Bari 1982 , p. 135-162; C. Bertelli, G. Briganti, Julian A., History of Italian Art, Electa / Bruno Mondadori Editore, Milan 1990 vol. II, p. 300; Pietrangeli C., The paintings of the Vatican , Magnus Edizioni, Udine 1996, The Borgias , Catalogue of the exhibition held in Rome, edited by C. Alfano, Electa, Milan 2002; Scalpellini P., Silvestrelli MP, Pinturicchio , Federico Motta Editore, Milano 2004


Notes to Editors: I-Isis Queen of Egypt with Moses and Hermes Trismegistus is one of five octagons with the history of the myth of Io, including within the vast cycle of paintings withstories with the myth of Isis and Osiris commissioned by Pope Alexander VI Borgia in his apartment in the Vatican. I, landed in Egypt, takes human form and is revered by generations as the goddess Isis. I-Isis after being crowned queen, is sitting on a seat (iconography that closely resembles that of the Madonna Enthroned) flanked on one side by Moses who was the first to know the laws of the Jewish people. Moses is seen by the Church as a symbolic representation of Christ or St. Peter, as an anticipation of San Pietro can be identified with the figure of the pope, his successor. The other is Hermes Trismegistus, the Thrice Very (first astronomer, philosopher, priest and king), which brought in Egypt culture initiation with the writings of astrology, alchemy, and the occult sciences. The latter was identified with the Egyptian god Thoth, the god of arts and science, and by Herodotus with the figure of Hermes (Iofc03 ). In 1614 it was discovered the true origin of the texts of Hermes Trismegistus that were traced between the I-III century and attributed to the philosophical school of Plato. In Europe roused much luck after Cosimo de 'Medici, ruler of Florence, had them translated by Marsilio Ficino. The trilogy, Isis, Moses and Hermes Trismegistus is united by having taught the people the laws and writing. For a general description of the cycle of frescoes see the card operates 13 .


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